The old part, which is placed at a height of 450 m, is surrounded by two city walls: the Etruscan walls, the internal one, and the medieval walls the outer one. During the walls you will find several gates: Porta del Sole, Porta Sant’Angelo, ….
In fact, the historic center is a real fourteenth-century village, one of the most beautiful in Italy with its monuments dating back to both the oldest and the medieval style.
The historic districts are: Porta Sole, Porta Sant’Angelo, Porta S. Susanna, Porta Eburnea and Porta S. Pietro, to which they corresponded for centuries the respective parts of the rural territory. Each district is centered on a main street or Corso where the alleys converge; and it is characterized by the presence of convents, bell towers, basilicas, churches, oratories, chapels, noble buildings, minor palaces and the row houses of the alleys.
Entering from Porta San Pietro, we find the Gothic Basilica of San Domenico, inside which are preserved statues and valuable works by local artists; of particular importance is the wooden choir. The cloister and the convent of San Domenico are home to the National Archaeological Museum of Umbria.
Not to be missed is Piazza Matteotti, which overlooks the fifteenth-century Palazzo Vecchio University and the Palazzo del Capitano del Popolo. Finally, of particular beauty is the Piazza IV Novembre, the monumental and social center of the city.
This complex includes the Cathedral of San Lorenzo, the main religious monument, and Palazzo dei Priori, symbol of civil power, in the center there is the Fontana Maggiore of the thirteenth century, fed by the water from the aqueduct from Monte Pacciano.
Palazzo dei Priori is also home to the National Gallery of Umbria, inside, which are preserved valuable works of artists related to the Umbrian territory, among the masterpieces, we remember: the Polyptych of St. Anthony of Piero della Francesca and the Polyptych of San Domenico del Beato Angelico.
Perugia also offers internationally renowned events and events, including the Eurochocolate in autumn and the Umbria Jazz which takes place every year in mid-July.
The festival lasting about 10 days transforms the whole historic center into a true citadel of music. Every hour of the day and until late at night creates a magical and electrifying atmosphere where music is the master of small clubs, theaters, streets and squares.