The high quality of Tuscan wines is given by the numerous production areas in the region, favored by a mild climate and ideal for viticulture.
The Tuscan hills, with large terraces and valleys, overlook the coasts of the Ligurian Sea and the Tyrrhenian Sea and its vineyards extend for thousands of hectares. The entire region boasts several productions among IGT wines (Typical Geographical Indication), DOCG (Denomination of Controlled and Guaranteed Origin) and about thirty DOC wines (Denomination of Controlled Origin).
There are several vines grown in Tuscany, the most implanted is undoubtedly the Sangiovese, present with its grapes in all the DOCs of the region, and excellently married in Trebbiano, Canaiolo or Malvasia Toscana. Today, alongside primary stars such as Chianti Classico, Brunello di Montalcino and Vino Nobile di Montepulciano, there are numerous other wines, among which we mention, Sassicaia and Morellino di Scansano.
Il Giuncheto its in the heart of several wine routes and it offers the following tasting routes:
Montalcino is about 30 km from Trequanda and can be easily reached in 35 minutes. Here you can visit various wineries where you can taste perhaps one of the most famous Tuscan wines in the world the Brunello di Montalcino which is born in a very restricted terroir from the Sangiovese Grosso vine. The wine is visibly clear, bright, with a lively garnet color. It has an intense, persistent, ample and ethereal bouquet. There are hints of undergrowth, aromatic wood, small fruits, light vanilla and composite jam. To the taste the wine has an elegant and harmonious body, vigor and race, it is dry with a long aromatic persistence. Due to its characteristics, Brunello di Montalcino endures long aging, improving over time. Hard to say how old this wine improves in the bottle. This depends in fact on the vintage. It ranges from a minimum of 10 years up to 30, but it can be preserved even longer. Naturally it must be conserved in the right way: in a fresh cellar, but above all at constant temperature, dark, without noises and smells; bottles kept lying down.
In addition to Brunello, Rosso di Montalcino is also produced, a younger wine that combines a superb structure with particular vivacity and freshness. It is harmonious, elegant, savory, not of great commitment but of pleasant combination. The Rosso di Montalcino appearance is bright and clear, with a composite ruby color; the nose has good intensity and fragrance, you can recognize aromas of fresh fruit. At the gustative analysis the wine is harmonically dry, has a vigor and freshness with good aromatic persistence. It is a wine that is ready to drink particularly persuasive. It is not to be kept for long, the wine prefers to be drunk at a young age even if it is resistant to aging.
Finally the Moscadello di Montalcino deserves mention wine produced in the types Quiet, Sparkling and Late Harvest. Today this wine is very appreciated for the characteristics of harmony and the aroma of Muscat can express in the three types produced. The Moscadello di Montalcino, at sight, is pale straw yellow in the Frizzante type, which tends to become darker in the quiet type and to take on the appearance of pale golden yellow in the Late Harvest type. Characteristic smell: shows the balanced and fresh muscat aroma, with floral nuances for the withering type. The palate is pleasantly satisfied by the sweet and aromatic harmony of the Tranquillo type, the Frizzante also offers the inviting panache of light perlage. The Late Harvest typology shows the velvety elegance and the envelopment of a sweet wine. The Moscadello di Montalcino Tranquillo and Frizzante are to be consumed young, while the Late Harvest type can express its best with the passing of the years.
The “capitals” of Chianti are the cities of Florence and Siena and its lands extend right between the two provinces: it is 70,000 hectares that include the towns of Castellina in Chianti (78 KM from Giuncheto, about 1h and 10), Gaiole in Chianti (68 km from Giuncheto, about 1h), Greve in Chianti (107Km from Giuncheto, about 1h30), Radda in Chianti (73 Km from Giuncheto, about 1h10) and partly from Barberino Val d’Elsa, Castelnuovo Berardenga, Poggibonsi, San Casciano in Val di Pesa and Tavarnelle Val di Pesa. The characteristics of the climate, the terrain and the different altitudes make the Chianti area a region suited to the production of quality wines. The brand that has always distinguished the bottles of Chianti Classico is the Gallo Nero, historical symbol of the ancient Lega Militare del Chianti, reproduced among other things by the painter Giorgio Vasari on the ceiling of the Salone dei Cinquecento, in the Florentine Palazzo Vecchio. Chianti Classico is produced with Sangiovese grapes for at least 80% (but also used in purity). To the blend of the Chianti Classico other vines can contribute, exclusively to red berries, starting from the native ones, such as Canaiolo Nero and Colorino, but also from the main international vines, read Merlot and Cabernet Sauvignon.
Montepulciano is about 20 km from the Giuncheto and can be reached in about 20 minutes. The Nobile di Montepulciano wine is a red wine with Controlled and Guaranteed Denomination of Origin (DOCG) obtained from a variety of sangiovese known locally Prugnolo gentile was defined centuries ago by the poet Francesco Redi “the king of wines”. The Vino Nobile di Montepulciano can only be obtained from grapes grown in the production area specified in the specification, using the following Prugnolo gentile vines: minimum 70% Canaiolo nero up to a maximum of 20%. The Vino Nobile di Montepulciano must undergo a ripening period of at least two years, starting from 1 January following the harvest. This maturation can take place at the choice of the producer: for 24 months in wood; for 18 months minimum in wood plus the remaining months in another container; for 12 months minimum in wood plus 6 months minimum in bottle plus the remaining months in another container. The Vino Nobile di Montepulciano can not be released for consumption before the two years of compulsory maturation have been calculated, calculated starting from 1 January of the year following the year of production of the grapes.
Vino Nobile di Montepulciano has a ruby red color tending to garnet with aging, an intense, ethereal, floral, characteristic aroma; dry, balanced and persistent, with possible wood scent.
- Vernaccia of San Gimignano
Until recently, the Tuscan white wines did not enjoy great prestige especially at international level, probably because most were made with vines considered, often erroneously of low quality, such as Malvasia and Trebbiano. Vernaccia di San Gimignano (km 100 from Giuncheto, about 1h30), from the ancient Vernaccia vine, has enjoyed a revival that has led to its promotion as the first DOCG white wine of the region.